The head of the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), Yuri Fedotov, said Wednesday that Afghanistan should make drug control a national priority, and the international community
Drug consumers use drugs as a psychological treatment to improve their mood, reach ecstasy and escape their problems and stress.
Yet, mistaken the person who believes that the role of drugs is limited only to what is mentioned above. After many researches, doctors have discovered that drugs have a leading role in the treatment of certain diseases though the method of using them differs. In other words, specific components of the drugs are extracted and used in the treatment of diseases. However, these benefits do not prevent the dangerous effects of those same components when used by people for non-medical purposes.
Cannabis and marijuana
Cannabis is considered one of the most popular drugs in Arab society; marijuana has the same status in European societies. In addition to their many negative effects, such as the destruction of brain and nerve cells, tetrahydrocannabinol, the substance most present in cannabis, is used in the treatment of pain and stimulation of appetite in cancer and AIDS patients. Moreover, marijuana reduces intraocular pressure by up to 40% and is also effective in the treatment of hair problems.
Tramadol is basically a painkiller, but misuse has turned it into a psychedelic drug. Indeed, its consumption in large quantities without consulting doctors leads to addiction. Tramadol increases alertness and relieves pain, but the dangers of its misuse are many: loss of appetite, convulsions, renal disorders and nervous system dysfunction.
Opium is extracted from morphine, which is basically a painkiller. Opium contains a very high percentage of this substance, which is its only good medical function. However, this drug affects natural sleep function and leads to shortness of breath and strokes.
Cocaine is extracted from the "coca" plant that exists in South America; it is then mixed with certain salts and heated.
Cocaine stimulates activity and reduces the sensation of fatigue and hunger. Yet, it has several negative effects: rapid pulse, narrowing of the arteries, increase in blood pressure and a higher risk of cardiac arrest are the most well known effects. Cocaine also alters eating habits, leading in the long run to hallucinations. For those who consume it by inhalation, it causes the destruction of the oral mucosa, teeth and the nasal septum.
At the end of the 19th century, the Germans invented methamphetamine, better known as "Crystal meth". Until the seventies of the last century, its use was limited to medical purposes namely as an antidepressant, appetite suppressant, treatment for low concentration and hyperactivity.
According to the German agency “DW”, doctors have claimed, that the consumption of small amounts of these substances does not destroy human brain cells. However, consuming large quantities of this drug leads to hyperactivity, loss of sleep, chills, increased heart pulses and strokes.
"Crystal meth" can in the long run damage human organs and nerve cells. This drug is very widespread among young people in Europe, but its presence is very rare in the Arab world. Its effects appear quickly on the physical aspect of its user, who always feels the desire to increase the dose, and after a period the addict loses weight dramatically and his teeth start to fall.