The European Monitoring Center for Drugs and Drug Addiction (EMCDDA) published in June its 2017 report on drugs. This report assesses drug use, trafficking and its dangerousness in Europe
Sleeping pills and tranquillizers are classified into three categories, the first is the one that helps to sleep and is recommended for people who suffer from insomnia and though having the feeling of drowsiness, they’re unable to sleep. The second category is relevant to pills that help prolong sleeping. It is prescribed to people who worry considerably during sleep, they have a difficult sleep and cannot go back to sleep easily, they often wake up every half an hour depending on the patient's case. While the third type consists of sedatives given to patients with depression coupled with anxiety. But this last type of medicine is always accompanied by many health risks, and is not recommended in various medical conditions.
Issues in taking sleeping pills:
As part of a new research lead by psychiatric researchers and doctors, a study of more than 10,500 people over the age of 52 years with different illnesses has taken place. During the experiment, researchers used different types of sleeping pills for two and a half years. After reviewing the lives of participants in the study, scientists found that people who consumed nearly 18 doses of pills throughout the year were more likely to die at a rate of 3.4 times more than others patients who have not used the pills and have the same medical conditions. People who consumed 18 to 132 doses over the year are more likely to die at a rate four times more than their counterparts who have not taken sleeping pills. For those who exceeded 132 doses during the year, they are five times more likely to die.
Studies have also concluded that people who take sleeping pills of different types at chronic and continuous doses are more likely to have several types of cancers, including prostate cancer, lymphoma, esophageal cancer, Colon cancer and lung cancer, especially those who have used the following drugs: Zopiclone, Zolpidem, Zaleplon and Temazepam in addition to sedatives that contain antihistamines of all kinds and barbiturates.
On the other hand, recent studies and research findings have cautioned against taking Amitriptyline in patients with heart attacks or who have recently recovered from seizures. Researchers also warned people who are suffering from an increase in blood pressure against the consumption of Trazodone pills. The warnings also apply to people who have a history of drug abuse or addiction, they should not use Zopiclone and Temazepam.
The best solution: After the discrepancies in experts’ opinions about taking sleeping pills and the sudden risks on patients, everyone was unanimous that the use of sleeping pills must be done under a specialized medical supervision. It must be part of a strict, short-term and small-dose therapeutic method. The patient should also be engaged in sports activities, stay away from stimulants and caffeine and not sleep during the day, and many other strategies to avoid the use of sleeping pills except in an emergency case.