The head of the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), Yuri Fedotov, said Wednesday that Afghanistan should make drug control a national priority, and the international community
The Executive Director of Social Protection and Development of the Community Development Authority in Dubai, Hariz Murr Bin Hariz, listed a range of challenges faced by families and specialists in dealing with drug addicts during their attempt to recover and treat their drug addiction. According to Hariz, the most important of these challenges are the high number of withdrawals from the therapeutic program, the lack of periodic consultation at the “Awnak” Social Rehabilitation Center and the need for intervention by some parties to help cured patients to meet their daily needs and obtain needed identification papers to resume their life normally and integrate into society.
The phases of rehabilitation and subsequent care of patients cured form drug addiction are divided into three stages. The first phase is the practical rehabilitation and is aimed at restoring the capacity and effectiveness of the addict in the field of his work. The second phase is the reintegration phase, aimed at reintegration into family and society. The final phase is the stage of subsequent care or prevention of relapse, and takes the form of therapeutic follow-up for periods ranging from six months to two years from the start of treatment with training of the cured patient and his family to early detect any warning signs of potential relapse.
According to "The Emirates Today", Ben Hariz said about the main difficulties encountered by specialists in the implementation of drug treatment programs that the challenges and difficulties are summarized in the difficulty of daily consistency of patients enrolled at the “Awnak” Center for Social Rehabilitation in the rehabilitation program during the early stages of treatment, refusal of some patients to communicate with a family member to co-ordinate with him and the refusal of certain families to cooperate with the team of therapists of the center during the various stages of treatment and finally some patients do not continue in the rehabilitation program after the appearance of the first signs of improvement and recovery.
Moreover, Ben Hariz stressed the need to permanently educate families about how to deal with recovered patients, especially in the early stages of stopping drug use. He added that there are families who are under severe pressure due to the lack material and vital needs, which is another problem to be added to the list of challenges in implementing rehabilitation and recovery programs. He noted the lack of periodic review at the “Awnak” Center to help specialists ensure that those enrolled in the program seriously want to stop using drugs and not to take other drugs that could cause a relapse.
Ben Hariz also stressed the need for greater coordination with concerned institutions, such as charities, to help recovered patients continue on the recovery path, particularly with regard to material and vital needs such as housing, transportation and acquisition of identity documents which will enable them to integrate into society. The "Awnak" Social Rehabilitation Center, which was founded in 2013, aims to care for patients who are cured of addiction in a therapeutic environment that supports them away from drugs, helping them to recover and prevent their relapse as much as possible. Indeed, the center implements programs aimed at rehabilitating these people socially and psychologically, it also leads them to self discovery, and to the identification of their strength and weakness points, in order to work on their development so that 'they are able to interact with life without the use of drugs.”