The head of the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), Yuri Fedotov, said Wednesday that Afghanistan should make drug control a national priority, and the international community
"Al-Naba’ Al-Masriya" newspaper warns against the emergence of new alternatives to drugs banned under law, that are known by "legalized drugs". These are new drugs and products that are widely used by young people who believe they provide them with the same effect as drugs.
Also some young addicts mix some products that they inject into their vein and muscles, including Relax, Multi-Relax, Spasmorest, Allergyl, Anallerge, Bronchophane, No-Migrain and Amigraine.
These drugs are not listed on the drug list and are easily obtained, they are drugs used in the treatment of many diseases but with specific doses. Moreover, the increase of these doses leads to addiction because their user feels the same euphoria, happiness and strength felt after taking drugs.
In addition, there is an eye drop called Mydrapid which serves to widen the bottom of the eyes, and is used during surgical procedures. It costs about 18 pounds, which makes some addicts mix it with powder and inject it into the sciatic artery, which leads to numbness of the body. This dangerous method has also caused many deaths.
The "Emetrex" injection used to treat vomiting can also lead to addiction, especially since its price is not expensive (around 8 pounds) which makes it accessible to all. This has led recently to an increase in its sales. It is mostly purchased by adolescents and addicts especially that it is not included in the drug table and has an effect similar to narcotics where its users feel the euphoria and joy that last between 30 to 180 minutes.
Afterwards, this feeling of happiness is transformed into depression and melancholy, which forces the user to take another injection. These injections can lead to death due to the use of high doses which affects certain areas of the brain.
In addition, there are many medications for treating colds that contain compounds that lead to addiction, especially cough medicines and antibiotics for depression such as Congestal, Bronchophane, Euvanol, Flurest and Otrivin nasal drops.
Regarding "pregabalin" used as a remedy for the nerves and comprising about 30 species and 200 drug products, it is simply sold in pharmacy because it is not listed in the drug table, but drug users have recently used it as an alternative to tramadol, given its low price and the easeness of obtaining it.
The patient reaches the level of addiction based on the doses he or she consumes and their relevant pathological conditions; particularly cancer patients who undergo chemotherapy treatment need to take painkillers for long periods.
It should be noted that the ban of tramadol and its inclusion in the drug table has resulted in the suffering of cancer patients and other patients with incurable diseases who need this drug permanently.
Furthermore, there are eye drops used to obtain an addictive effect as well as cold medicines containing dextramethorphan, which are already available in pharmacies.
In the same context, Dr. Sawsan Fayed, professor of psychology at the National Center for Criminal and Social Research, said that the real reasons for the spread of the drug addiction phenomenon among young people are groups of friends and their desire to follow new trends. On the other hand, young people’s intellectual void, feeling of marginalization, unemployment, being permanently in cafes and tea rooms and their isolation from their families are all factors that lead them also to addiction.
She continued that young people always feel the loneliness and bitterness of life, so they resort to drugs to escape from reality.
Regarding the damage caused by these toxins, she added that they destroy their health and energy, make them lose concentration and still leave them in a state of unconsciousness, because these products negatively affect the mental and intellectual abilities and all the senses of their consumers, who find themselves in result frail and weak.
The psychology professor at the National Center for Criminal and Social Research called on the state to create an environment that banishes addiction, such as spreading culture through education, the media, and religious institutions.