Rehabilitation and Medical Centers
National Focal Point
Service Guide Prevention and Treatment of addiction (drugs and alcohol)
The National Centre for Documentation and Information on Drugs (Focal Point) operates within the European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction (EMCDDA - European Centre). Is one of the National Centers operating in 27 Member States of the European Union, Norway, the European Commission and the candidate countries.
The Focal Point is financially supported by the European Union and the Organization Against Drugs (OKANA).
Its purpose is to collect, process and publish scientifically valid national data for all parameters concerning drugs, comparable to those of other National Centres.
Through monitoring of the drugs problem in Greece, which the Focal Point carries a scientifically documented European indices are available in Greek and European policy makers, professionals and the general public, detailed and longitudinal information for all dimensions of the issue in Greece. The data are collected by nationwide network comprising more than 800 organizations and individuals. The Focal Point issue annually the Annual Report on the Situation of Drugs and Alcohol in Greece and Greek Literature on Drugs and Alcohol . Also sends the Greek elements in Europe through the Annual National Drug Report sent to the European Centre.
the largest rehabilitation and social reintegration network in Greece.
KETHEA is the largest rehabilitation and social reintegration network in Greece. It has been providing its services to drug addicts and their families since Ithaki, the first Greek therapeutic community, was set up in 1983. Its services are offered free of charge on the street and in prisons and rehabilitation units around Greece. KETHEA also helps people suffering from other forms of addiction including alcohol, gambling and the Internet.
KETHEA programmes are drug-free and offer a comprehensive range of services which seek to help the individual recover and build a new life for themselves in which they participate in society productively and on equal terms. KETHEA provides counselling and drug treatment, family support, health care, education and training, legal support and assistance reintegrating into society and re-entering the world of work. KETHEA’s aims are full and sustained abstinence from substances for the individual and their equitable reintegration into society.
KETHEA also runs school and community-based prevention and early intervention programmes, and is active in training and research in the field of addiction. Its therapeutic programmes and activities seek to raise awareness of the phenomenon, to promote scientific knowledge, and to continually improve the services offered to addicts and their families.
Detoxification Unit 18 ANO
The Unit Rehabilitation Alcohol-Addicted OVER 18 of PS.N.A. started operating from 1969 to 1995 which was divided into two independent parts Alcoholics and addicts who are now in separate buildings in PS.N.A.
In 1993 began the operation of the Pavilion as part of the 10th detoxification which ceased operations in 1997 and since then until today there works program for addiction alcoholics.
National Narcotics Control Strategies and Security Plans
Greece Strategy 2006-2012 (greek)
MINISTRY OF HEALTH AND SOCIAL SOLIDARITY
Greece National Action Plan on Drugs 2008–2012 (greek)
MINISTRY OF HEALTH AND SOCIAL SOLIDARITY
Facts and stats
As regards the student population, the latest ESPAD study was conducted in 2011, and involved a nationwide sample of high school students aged 15–16 years. In 2011, 8 % had ever tried marijuana or hashish (6 % in 2007, 6 % in 2003 and 9 % in 1999). In 2011, inhalants lifetime prevalence was reported by 14 % of the students, similar to the levels reported in 2003 and 1999 after falling to 9 % in 2007. Lifetime prevalences of amphetamines, ecstasy and LSD use were reported by 2 % of the sample. Results indicated 7 % for the last-year prevalence of cannabis use (which is higher than 5 % reported in 2007 and 2003 ESPAD studies), 4 % for the last-month prevalence of cannabis (2 % in 2003 and 3 % in 2007).
The study on Health Behaviour in School-aged Children has been conducted regularly since 2002, with the last data collected in 2010 among a representative sample of 11-, 13- and 15-year olds. However, only 15-year-old students in this study are asked about drug use behaviours. Overall, 7 % of the 15-year-old students indicated that they have ever used cannabis in the lifetime (3 % in 2006 and 5 % in 2002). There is, however, a wide gap between male and female students, 11 % of males and only 4 % of female students report ever tried cannabis. Most of those reporting lifetime cannabis use have used it recently (more than once in the past 12 months).
The most recent survey (2004) shows that 8.6 % of the Greek population aged 12–64 reported lifetime use of illicit drugs, mainly cannabis.
In 2006, a study was conducted in Athens, Thessaloniki and Heraklion among the population aged 15–64. Results showed that 19.4 % of respondents had tried any illicit drug at least once, and that lifetime prevalence was higher among males (24.8 %) than among females (14 %). Lifetime prevalence of cannabis was reported by 19.3 % of respondents. Respondents in Athens reported higher drug use than in the two other cities.
Analyses estimated that there were 3.0 problem drug users per 1000 inhabitants between the ages of 15–64 years in 2010 (in total, 22,515 with 95 % CI between 20 202 and 25 171 users). Although the average number of PDU is lower than that estimated in 2009, the difference is not statistically significant. On the contrary, a slightly increasing trend in the overall PDU can be noted since 2002. In 2010, the estimated number of injecting drug users was 9439.
In 2010, a total of 5645 individuals entered treatment out of which 2441 were first time treatment clients. In 2010, the primary substance of abuse among all clients entering treatment were opioids, at 82.7%, followed by cannabis at 11.2% and cocaine at 4.4%. Furthermore, among those entering treatment for the first time, the primary substance of abuse was opioids at 75.5 %, the second most frequent substance was cannabis at 18.1%, followed by cocaine at 4.9%.
In 2010, 18% of all clients entering treatment were aged less than 25 years. A higher percentage in age distribution was reported among new treatment clients, with 23% being under the age of 25 years. In 2010, the male-to-female ratio for all clients entering treatment was 85.3% for male and 14.7% for female. The same distribution was also reported among new treatment clients with 86% for male and 14% for female.
Surveillance data on the prevalence and incidence of HIV/AIDS among IDUs in Greece are derived from the Hellenic Centre for Infectious Diseases Control (HCDCP-KEELPNO) of the Ministry of Health and Social Welfare. In 2010, 604 new HIV cases (including AIDS) were registered and 2.5% (16) of those cases were linked to intravenous drug use (vis-à-vis 2.2.% in 2009 and 1.5% in 2008). HIV prevalence among injecting drugs users available through the DRID network indicates that in 2010, HIV prevalence rates remained low and ranged between 0.7 % and 0.8% among the tested IDUs. However, already in the first-half of 2011, the number of reported cases increased eightfold indicating an HIV outbreak among IDUs.
In 2010, provisional data indicated that 153 drug-related deaths are recorded in Greece (214 in 2009, 212 in 2008, 254 in 2007, 276 in 2006 and 343 in 2005). The majority of provisionally reported death cases were among males.
According to the latest available estimates (2010), a total of 2,477 patients were on methadone and 4,466 on buprenorphine, out of a reported total of 6,264 patients in opioid substitution treatment.
In terms of drug trafficking, heroin originating from south-west Asia is smuggled into Greece through the ‘Balkan route’. Figures for 2009 suggest that 28.9% of the seized heroin comes from Turkey, 0.6% from Romania, 0.4% from Bulgaria, and the remaining 70.1% comes from other countries or is of unknown origin. Raw cannabis is imported by land or sea mainly from Albania (70.2%) as is 56.6 % of seized processed cannabis. Cocaine is smuggled into Greece transported by sea (83.2%), air (6.5%), and land (1.6%). Most of seized cocaine originates in Bolivia, followed by Peru and Colombia. Origins of most psychotropic substances seized in Greece are unknown, although indications exist that it may come from the UK, Bulgaria and the Netherlands.
Recent figures in terms of seizures in Greece are reported by the Central Anti-drug Coordinating Unit. In 2010, there was a decrease in the quantity of heroin, cocaine, amphetamine and ecstasy seizures when compared to 2009. In 2010, 521 kg of heroin (595 kg in 2009), 221 kg of cocaine (626 kg in 2009), 0.01 kg of amphetamine (0.2 kg in 2009), 12 823 tablets of ecstasy (46,115 in 2009) were seized. However, the quantities of seized herbal cannabis increased to 7 726 kg (7320 kg in 2009), as did the number of seized cannabis plants (from 15,515 in 2009 to 21,607 in 2010).
Data on drug-law offences are collected by the Hellenic Police and other Prosecution Authorities. In 2010, a total of 13,580 persons were reported for drug-related offences, which is less than observed in 2008 and 2009. Most offences were related to cannabis, followed by heroin and cocaine law offences.
According to authorities, in 2009, labelled drug-related expenditures were close to 0.05% of GDP. Most of these funds financed demand reduction activities (82%), while supply reduction expenditures received 18% of the total. The planned expenditures for 2011–12 aim at increasing the representativeness of these expenditures in terms of GDP to 0.065%, leaving the shares allocated to demand and supply unchanged.
Governmental / Non-governmental Associations
Organisation against Drugs (ΟΚΑΝΑ)
21 Averof Athens Attica 10433 Greece
Tel : 210-8898200
Email : firstname.lastname@example.org
The Organization Against Drugs (OKANA) was established by Law 2161/93 which was passed by the full chambers and opened in 1995. A self-administered private entity operating under the supervision of the Ministry of Health and Social Solidarity.
According to its founding law, OKANA has as main purposes:
design, promote, inter-ministerial coordination and implementation of national policy on the prevention, treatment and rehabilitation of drug addicts
44 Minoos and Michael Archangel, Therissos,
PC 713 04, Heraklion Crete
Tel: 2810 313222
Fax: 2810 253190
The KESAN - Heraklion Prevention Center , is a non-profit organization and operates in cooperation with the Organization Against Drugs (O.KA.NA.), in order to prevent dependency and promoting psychosocial health in the local community.