Girl in a jacket Belgium

Rehabilitation and Medical Centers

Association for Alcohol and Other Drug ProblemsSpecialities (VAD)

the non-profit association for alcohol and other drug problems

Contact Address:

Association for Alcohol and other Drug Problems vzw
By email: vad@vad.be
By telephone: 02 423 03 33
Fax: 02 423 03 34
By mail: VAD, Vanderlinden Street 15, 1030 Brussels

Description:

VAD, the non-profit association for alcohol and other drug problems, coordinates most of the Flemish Organizations That deal with the issues of alcohol, illegal drugs, psychoactive medication, and gambling.
VAD wants to educate the public from a health and welfare perspective and improvesleep the expertise or intermediaries about the handling of alcohol and other drugs.

Website:http://www.vad.be/

National Narcotics Control Authorities

Name:

Ministry of Justice, Transparency and Human Rights Organisation Against Drugs

Contact Address:

Prendre contact avec nos services centraux.

SPF Justice

115 boulevard de Waterloo

1000 Bruxelles

02 542 65 11

(Centrale téléphonique)

Information :

02 542 66 97

02 542 71 64

National Narcotics Control Strategies and Security Plans

Name:

Anti-drug strategy

Type:

Preventative

Published Authority:

The European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction (EMCDDA)

Internet link:

http://www.emcdda.europa.eu/countries/national-drug-strategies/belgium

Publisher website:

http://www.emcdda.europa.eu/

Narcotics control regulations and laws

Name:

The basic law relating to the traffic in poisons, soporific and narcotic drugs disinfectants and antiseptics dates back to 24 February 1921. This law was completely revised in 1975 by the Law of 9 July 1975 and again in 1994 by the Law of 14 July 1994. These amendments introduced a distinction in penalties between toxic substances, disinfectants and antiseptics on the one hand, and narcotics and psychotropic substances likely to cause dependence on the other hand. The laws of 4 April 2003 and 3 May 2003 (coming into force on 2 June 2003), as well as the implementing Royal Decree of 16 May 2003, created a legal distinction between possession of cannabis for personal use and all other types of offences.

Belgian drug law is based on three main domains: prevention, treatment and law enforcement. The main objective is to prevent and reduce drug use and to decrease the number of new drug users. The second priority is to protect the community and its members who are facing the drug phenomenon and its consequences. This concerns also the drug addicts who should be helped to guarantee them a better life despite their drug use. Finally the judicial approach, particularly imprisonment, should be the last resort' in orderto deal with problematic use of drugs.

Type:

Security

Published Authority:

The European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction (EMCDDA)

Date:

1921

Internet Link:

http://www.emcdda.europa.eu/html.cfm/index5174EN.html?pluginMethod=eldd.countryprofiles&country=BE

Facts and stats

Trafficking and drug related crime

Drug trafficking is not defined in Belgian law as such. The law prohibits the production, import, export, manufacture, transport, possession, sale etc., and the basic penalties include imprisonment for a period of three months to five years and/or a fine. Depending on the gravity of these crimespenalties can be increased up to 10, 15 or 20 years in case of involvement of minors; up to 15 in relation to the consequences of the crime for third persons: an incurable disease or death; and up to 20 in relation to large scale trafficking implications.

The directive of May 1998 also introduced a new element in the regulation of sale and trafficking offences. While the law of 1921 and modifications did not foresee the concept of selling drugs to finance ones own personal consumption,

the directive of May 1998 asked prosecutors to be strong in the case of retail sale but to take into consideration (by reducing the punishment) the case in which the only purpose of the sale was to finance onesown addiction. This directive was replaced on 16 May 2003 by a directive of the Ministry of Justice on the prosecution policy regarding possession and user-dealing of illicit drugs. It explains that, on the basis of the laws of 4 April and 3 May 2003, as well as the Royal decree of 16 May 2003, there are three categories of offences:

1stcategory; import, acquisition, possession, cultivation of cannabis for personal use;

2ndcategory; offences of the 1stcategory committed with aggravating circumstances;

3rdcategory; all other offences foreseen in the law, as well as for all substances other than cannabis.

Governmental / Non-governmental Associations

The European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction (EMCDDA)

Type:

noncovernment

Contact/Address:

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction (EMCDDA)

Cais do Sodré

1249-289 Lisbon
Portugal
Tel. (351) 211 21 02 00
Fax (351) 218 13 17 11

The European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction (EMCDDA) was established in 1993. Inaugurated in Lisbon in 1995, it is one of the EU’s decentralised agencies.